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EC grants marketing authorisation to Kyprolis in multiple myeloma
20 November 2015 • Author: Victoria White
The European Commission (EC) has granted marketing authorisation for Amgen’s Kyprolis (carfilzomib) in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone for the treatment of adult patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least one prior therapy.
The announcement makes Kyprolis the first irreversible proteasome inhibitor approved in the European Union (EU) for use in combination treatment of patients with relapsed multiple myeloma.
“The approval of Kyprolis in combination provides physicians and patients across Europe with an important new treatment option for relapsed multiple myeloma, helping to address a real unmet need for this rare blood cancer,” said Sean E. Harper, M.D., executive vice president of Research and Development at Amgen. “Multiple myeloma is a complex blood cancer that often becomes resistant to treatment, which is why there is a need for new therapeutic options that provide deep and durable responses to extend the time patients live without their disease progressing.”
Kyprolis regimen study results ‘significant’ for patients with relapsed multiple myeloma
The EC approval is based on data from the Phase 3 ASPIRE trial. The study showed that patients treated with Kyprolis in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone (regimen referred to as KRd) had increased median time to progressive disease (PD) or death by 8.7 months compared to patients treated with lenalidomide and dexamethasone (regimen referred to as Rd). The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 26.3 months in the KRd arm compared to 17.6 months in the Rd arm.
“In clinical studies, approximately one out of three patients achieved a complete response or better on the Kyprolis in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone arm, which is three times more frequent than in the lenalidomide and dexamethasone arm,” said Prof. Meletios A. Dimopoulos, M.D., Department of Clinical Therapeutics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, School of Medicine. “In addition, the regimen provided patients with more than two years without disease progression. These results are significant for patients with relapsed multiple myeloma, who are faced with worse outcomes each time they experience a relapse.”
Amgen has said it plans to submit data from the Phase 3 ENDEAVOR trial for potential authorisation of Kyprolis in combination with dexamethasone in the EU. This data also serves as the basis of the supplemental New Drug Application of Kyprolis in combination with dexamethasone for patients with relapsed multiple myeloma, which has been accepted for priority review by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
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