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Merck KGaA and Pfizer advance avelumab clinical development programme
22 December 2015 • Author:
The JAVELIN Ovarian 200 trial is the first Phase III study of a PD-L1 inhibitor investigated as a treatment for platinum-resistant/refractory ovarian cancer.
“There are limited treatment options for women with ovarian cancer, and the prognosis for women with platinum-resistant ovarian cancer is especially poor,” said Chris Boshoff, Vice President and Head of Early Development, Translational and Immuno-Oncology at Pfizer Oncology. “We have observed encouraging signs of early clinical activity of avelumab in patients with platinum-resistant or platinum-refractory ovarian cancer, and we hope to build on these results next year through a planned Phase III study of avelumab in combination with platinum therapy in patients with previously untreated ovarian cancer.”
JAVELIN Ovarian 200 is designed to evaluate the superiority of avelumab as a monotherapy or in combination with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD), compared with PLD alone, in treating patients with platinum-resistant/refractory ovarian cancer. The primary endpoint is overall survival (OS). Study investigators anticipate enrolling approximately 550 patients across more than 190 sites in Asia, Europe and North America.
JAVELIN Bladder 100 will investigate avelumab in urothelial cancer
Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, and Pfizer have also initiated a Phase III study (JAVELIN Bladder 100) investigating avelumab as a maintenance treatment, in the first-line setting, in patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer. This is currently the only Phase III trial designed to evaluate an immunotherapy agent as a maintenance treatment, in the first-line setting, in patients with urothelial cancer.
“Locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer is another aggressive cancer, with the disease often progressing quickly following first-line treatment,” said Dr Alise Reicin, Head of Global Clinical Development at Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany’s biopharma business. “It’s an exciting time for the Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, and Pfizer Alliance as we continue to accelerate our clinical development program, and now into urothelial cancer. This disease has an exceptionally high unmet need and we believe there is potential for our anti-PD-L1 antibody to be part of future treatment strategies.”
JAVELIN Bladder 10 is designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of avelumab plus best supportive care (BSC), compared with BSC alone, in patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer whose disease did not progress on (or following) completion of first-line treatment with a platinum-containing chemotherapy. The primary endpoint of the study is OS, which will be assessed in two urothelial cancer patient populations: patients with PD-L1 positivity and all randomized patients.
The trial is expected to enrol 668 patients across more than 200 sites in 38 countries. PD-L1 expression status will be determined by retrospective analysis of mandatory tumour samples collected from patients enrolled in the trial. It is estimated that at least half of those patients randomized to treatment will be PD-L1-positive.
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