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Issue 6 2007

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MicroRNAs and their relatives – new avenues in biomedical research

23 November 2007 | By

Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) consist of a growing heterogeneous class of transcripts defined as RNA molecules that lack any extensive “Open Reading Frame” (ORF) and function as structural, catalytic or regulatory entities rather than serving as templates for protein synthesis. While non-coding sequences make up only a small fraction of the…

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Analysis of microRNA expression by qPCR

23 November 2007 | By

Alteration of microRNA (miRNA) expression in a disease compared to a healthy state and/or correlation of miRNA expression with clinical parameters (like disease progression or therapy response), may indicate that miRNAs can serve as clinically relevant biomarkers1-3. An important first step for further functional characterisation is the information about differential…

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Driving lab automation forward

23 November 2007 | By

A round table discussion covering the driving forces behind the integration of automated technology within the pharmaceutical industry, the procedures that are followed when implementing new automated techniques, current areas of drug discovery most benefiting from lab automation, how lab automation advanced the drug discovery marketplace over the last five…

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Automated workflow optimisation and assay development strategies for High Content Research Facility, Trinity College Dublin

23 November 2007 | By

High Content Screening (HCS) is becoming increasingly utilised as an early drug-discovery and basic research tool for defining the functions of genes, proteins and other biomolecules in normal and abnormal cellular functions. HCS involves the integration of a number of preparation steps which include; cell-sample preparation, fluorescent labelling, image acquisition,…

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Enthalpic efficiency and the role of thermodynamic data in drug development: possibility or a pipeline dream!

23 November 2007 | By

The determination of accurate thermodynamic data for the interactions of biomolecules has been enhanced over the last decade by the use of isothermal titration calorimetric (ITC) instrumentation. These instruments are now standard kits in many biophysical/structural biochemistry laboratories of pharmaceutical companies. Despite this, there is little evidence for the input…

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Cutting edge technologies and their potential role in pharmaceutical microbiology

23 November 2007 | By

In order to meet the challenges demanded by the requirements of Process Analytical Technology (PAT), the modern microbiological laboratory needs to become more innovative in microbial detection, identification and enumeration. Technology is becoming available that will speed up microbiological analysis, potentially allowing pharmaceutical microbiology tests to get as close as…

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The future direction of ASTM E55 Committee on manufacture of pharmaceutical products

23 November 2007 | By Steve Simmons, Head of Process Knowledge QbD, Wyeth Pharmaceuticals

ASTM Committee E55 formed in April of 2003 as a result of FDA’s GMPs for the 21st Century Initiative and the subsequent Guidance, “PAT – a framework for innovative pharmaceutical manufacturing and quality assurance.” Focusing on process understanding and flexible manufacturing, FDA encouraged the pharmaceutical industry to utilise the consensus…

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HVAC energy savings in the pharmaceutical industry

23 November 2007 | By

Proper and compliant HVAC systems are fundamental to the pharma industry as we use high air change rates to secure a low viable and particle contamination. HVAC is energy consuming and therefore the HVAC accounts for a large proportion of the energy used in pharma facilities. In the past the…