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Florbetapir scans help with patient diagnosis and management
23 July 2015 • Author: Victoria White
Lilly and Avid Radiopharmaceuticals have announced new data showing that knowledge of amyloid status as determined by Florbetapir F 18 Injection imaging altered diagnosis and management in the majority of patients being studied.
Florbetapir is a radioactive diagnostic agent for PET imaging of the brain to estimate beta-amyloid neuritic plaque density in adult patients with cognitive impairment who are being evaluated for Alzheimer’s disease and other causes of cognitive decline.
This is the first study to look at the impact of amyloid imaging on diagnosis and actual patient management using a randomised, controlled prospective design.
The presence of beta-amyloid neuritic plaque in the brain may provide additional information to supplement a physician’s clinical assessment of a patient with cognitive impairment. However, a negative beta-amyloid imaging scan indicates sparse to no plaques are currently present, which is inconsistent with a neuropathological diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease and reduces the likelihood that a patient’s cognitive impairment is due to the disease.
Presence or absence of amyloid pathology may affect diagnosis of patients
“These study results are the first to suggest in a controlled study that adding florbetapir to the diagnostic evaluation changed actual patient diagnosis and management by physicians who regularly manage this complicated and devastating disease,” said Michael Pontecorvo, Ph.D., vice president, clinical development, Avid Radiopharmaceuticals. “Alzheimer’s disease is one of many possible causes of cognitive impairment, which can make diagnosis challenging. These findings provide further support for how knowledge of the presence or absence of amyloid pathology may affect both diagnosis and management in patients being evaluated for Alzheimer’s disease or other possible causes of cognitive decline.”
In addition to altering patient diagnosis, results showed that knowledge of amyloid status as determined by florbetapir imaging changed patient management in the majority of study patients, particularly Alzheimer’s disease medications (cholinesterase inhibitor use), in a direction consistent with amyloid status. The researchers found no group differences in cognitive performance or health outcomes at one year, and changes in medical history, psychotropic drug use, and psychiatric-related events were not significantly different between the immediate and delayed feedback groups. There was no evidence of increased safety risk associated with early disclosure of amyloid status.
These data add to a growing body of work that suggests knowledge of amyloid status may change intended and actual patient management.
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