GSK and Theravance announce initial outcomes from pivotal Phase III studies
Posted: 9 January 2012 | | No comments yet
GSK and Theravance, Inc. announced the completion of the phase III registration programme…
GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) and Theravance, Inc. (NASDAQ: THRX) today announced the completion of the phase III registration programme for the once-daily investigational medicine Relovair™* (fluticasone furoate “FF”/vilanterol “VI”) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and of all but one of the pivotal studies in patients with asthma.
For COPD, GSK intends to submit regulatory applications in the US and Europe in mid-2012. For asthma, GSK plans to submit an application in Europe in mid-2012 and will continue discussions with the FDA on the regulatory requirements for a US asthma indication.
Darrell Baker, SVP Respiratory Portfolio Optimisation Leader at GSK said: “We are pleased to have reached this milestone for RelovairTM, one of the important assets in our respiratory development portfolio. Having undertaken an initial assessment of these data we believe they support our plan to seek global approvals of this once-daily medicine for the treatment of patients with COPD and asthma.”
Rick E Winningham, Chief Executive Officer of Theravance said: “We are very excited with the new data and GSK’s plan to submit regulatory applications for Relovair™ in the US and Europe this year. Relovair™ is one of our three respiratory programs with GSK.”
The full results of these pivotal studies will be presented at future scientific meetings.
The COPD programme included two replicate 52-week exacerbation studies each of which randomised approximately 1,620 patients. The studies were powered to compare each of 3 doses of FF/VI (200/25mcg, 100/25mcg and 50/25mcg) to VI 25mcg alone in a step-wise manner, starting at the highest dose. In both studies, all doses of FF/VI demonstrated reductions in the annual rate of moderate to severe exacerbations compared with VI alone. In the first study, the reductions were statistically significant at all doses (200/25mcg p<0.001, 100/25mcg p=0.024, 50/25mcg p=0.040). In the second study, the reductions were not statistically significant at the highest dose (200/25mcg). The p-values in this study were p=0.109 (200/25mcg), p<0.001 (100/25mcg) and p=0.181 (50/25mcg). GSK and Theravance believe that it is appropriate to request that regulatory authorities review the totality of the exacerbation data, including the effects seen across both studies for the 100/25mcg dose.
In both exacerbation studies, all doses of FF/VI demonstrated numerical increases in lung function compared with VI, but not all increases were significant.
Across these two studies, the most common adverse events in the FF/VI arms included nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infection, oral candidiasis, headache, COPD, back pain, pneumonia, bronchitis and sinusitis. GSK is investigating reports of fatal pneumonia on FF/VI primarily at the 200/25mcg dose. An integrated safety and tolerability analysis is underway.
A 4-week detailed lung function profile study in 54 patients demonstrated that all doses of FF/VI (50/25mcg, 100/25mcg, and 200/25mcg) statistically significantly increased weighted mean FEV1 versus placebo.
In a non-pivotal 12-week superiority study of FF/VI 100/25mcg once daily compared with Seretide® (fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (FP/SAL)) 500/50mcg twice daily, FF/VI did not meet the predefined threshold for superiority on 0-24 hour weighted mean FEV1(p=0.282). There was no statistical difference between FF/VI and FP/SAL.
GSK anticipates filing the FF/VI 100/25mcg dose for COPD on a global basis starting in mid-2012.
GSK has also completed asthma studies, which form the majority of the phase III registration programme for FF/VI.
An exacerbation study, which randomised approximately 2,000 patients for up to 76 weeks, demonstrated that FF/VI 100/25mcg significantly increased time to first severe exacerbation (p=0.036) and significantly decreased annual rate of severe exacerbations (p=0.014) compared to FF. The study also found that FF/VI improved trough FEV1 at all pre-defined time points over the 76-week treatment period (p<0.001 vs. FF), demonstrating a contribution by VI to the improvement in lung function of FF/VI.
In this study, the most frequent adverse events were headache, nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infection, bronchitis, cough, oropharyngeal pain and influenza. There were no differences in the number of asthma-related hospitalisations between the treatment arms. There were no asthma-related deaths. An integrated safety and tolerability analysis is underway.
A 24-week study in approximately 600 moderate to severe asthmatics demonstrated superiority of FF/VI 200/25mcg over FF 200mcg on both trough FEV1 (p<0.001) and weighted mean FEV1 (p=0.048), demonstrating a contribution by VI to the improvement in lung function of FF/VI. FF 200mcg dosed once daily was non-inferior to fluticasone propionate (FP) 500mcg dosed twice daily on trough FEV1.
A 12-week placebo-controlled study evaluating lung function in approximately 600 mild to moderate asthmatics given FF/VI 100/25mcg, did not demonstrate statistically significant improvements compared to FF 100mcg on either trough FEV1 (p=0.405) or weighted mean FEV1 (p=0.06). Both FF/VI and FF demonstrated statistically significant improvements against placebo on the same endpoints (p<0.001).
In a 12-week study conducted in approximately 340 patients receiving inhaled corticosteroids throughout the study, once-daily VI 25mcg and twice-daily salmeterol (SAL) 50mcg showed no statistically significant difference on 24-hour weighted mean FEV1 compared to placebo. The lack of numerical improvement of SAL (the active control) over placebo in this study was unexpected and confounded interpretation of the study.
A 24-week study in approximately 330 patients comparing the efficacy of FF and FP to placebo is currently ongoing and will be completed during the first half of 2012.
In a non-pivotal 24-week superiority study of FF/VI 100/25mcg once daily compared with Seretide® (fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (FP/SAL)) 250/50mcg twice daily, FF/VI did not meet the predefined threshold for superiority on 0-24 hour weighted mean FEV1 (p=0.162). There was no statistical difference between FF/VI and FP/SAL.
A 6-week HPA axis study and a 52-week safety study to evaluate the safety profile of FF/VI in asthma have also been completed. The results from both studies support the planned regulatory filings.
These recently completed Phase III studies evaluated approximately 9,000 patients with COPD and asthma. The totality of the data provides GSK with the confidence to proceed with global registration for Relovair in COPD and asthma beginning in mid-2012.
Ongoing Development Programme
The development programmes for FF/Vl in COPD and asthma will continue as planned and include an outcomes study of 16,000 patients to prospectively evaluate the effect of the combination (FF/VI 100/25mcg) compared with placebo on survival in COPD patients with moderate disease and a history of, or at risk from, cardiovascular disease. In addition, GSK is in the process of setting up pre-registration real-world effectiveness studies to investigate the potential effects of FF/VI versus the standards of care in asthma and COPD. These studies are expected to commence shortly.
FF/VI is one of several late-stage assets in the GSK respiratory development portfolio, which includes LAMA/LABA (GSK573719/VI) and MABA (GSK961081), developed in collaboration with Theravance, as well as FLAP-inhibitor (GSK2190915), p-38 kinase inhibitor (losmapimod) and anti-IL5 MAb (mepolizumab). The phase III programme for LAMA/LABA is expected to complete in 2012.
*Relovair™ is a once-daily inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/long-acting beta-agonist (LABA) combination treatment, comprising fluticasone furoate and vilanterol (FF/VI), currently in development for the treatment of COPD and asthma. This investigational medicine is not currently approved anywhere in the world.
Relovair™ is a trademark of the GlaxoSmithKline group of companies. The use of the brand name Relovair™ for FF/Vl is not approved by regulatory authorities around the world. Seretide® and Advair® are registered trademarks of GSK.
Theravance Analyst Conference Call and Webcast Information
Theravance has scheduled an analyst conference call to discuss this announcement today at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Standard Time. Analysts who wish to participate in the live call by telephone, please dial (877) 837-3908 from the U.S., or (973) 890-8166 for international callers. Those interested in listening to the conference call live via the internet may do so by visiting Theravance’s web site at www.theravance.com. To listen to the live call and to download the slide presentation , please go to Theravance’s web site 15 minutes prior to its start to register, download, and install any necessary audio software.
A replay of the conference call will be available on Theravance’s web site for 30 days through February 8, 2012. An audio replay will also be available through 11:59 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on January 16, 2012 by dialing (855) 859-2056 from the U.S., or (404) 537-3406 for international callers, and entering confirmation code 41442579.