FDA approves Glatopa a generic option for relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis
Sandoz has announced that the FDA has approved and launch of Glatopa as a fully-substitutable, AP-rated generic version of Copaxone for relapsing forms of MS…
Glatopa (glatiramer acetate injection) 40 mg/mL is FDA-approved as a fully-substitutable, AP-rated generic version of Copaxone (glatiramer acetate injection) 40 mg/mL three-times-a-week therapy for relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS). Glatopa was developed under a collaboration agreement between Momenta Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Sandoz and is produced in the US.
“The approval and launch of Glatopa 40 mg/mL reinforces our leadership in delivering complex, differentiated generic products. We look forward to bringing this product to patients and healthcare professionals and providing a full range of patient support services for Glatopa through GlatopaCare,” said Richard Francis, CEO, Sandoz.
Glatopa 40 mg/mL is indicated for the treatment of patients with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. Glatopa 40 mg/mL, along with Glatopa 20 mg/mL, will offer patients a complete range of dosing options. Glatopa 20 mg/mL was made available in the US in June 2015. Patients can expect the same patient services for Glatopa 40 mg/mL as for Glatopa 20 mg/mL.
Sandoz GlatopaCare will offer a $0 co-pay support program to qualified patients. To help increase patient confidence with administering injections, patients will receive personalised injection training, 24-hour access to nurses for Glatopa-related questions and a free Starter Kit, which includes the Glatopaject injection device, designed to work with both Glatopa 20 mg/mL and 40 mg/mL prefilled syringes.
Glatopa indication and important safety information
Glatopa (glatiramer acetate injection) is indicated for the treatment of patients with relapsing-forms of multiple sclerosis.
Glatopa is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to glatiramer acetate or mannitol.
Approximately 16% of glatiramer acetate injection 20mg/mL patients vs. 4% of those on placebo, and approximately 2% of glatiramer acetate injection 40mg/mL patients vs. none on placebo experienced a constellation of symptoms that may occur within minutes after injection and included at least 2 of the following: flushing, chest pain, palpitations, tachycardia, anxiety, dyspnea, throat constriction, and urticaria.
These symptoms generally have their onset several months after the initiation of treatment, although they may occur earlier, and a given patient may experience 1 or several episodes of these symptoms. Typically, the symptoms were transient and self-limited and did not require treatment; however, there have been reports of patients with similar symptoms who received emergency medical care.
Transient chest pain was noted in 13% of glatiramer acetate injection 20mg/mL patients vs. 6% of placebo patients, and approximately 2% of glatiramer acetate injection 40mg/mL patients vs. 1% on placebo. While some episodes of chest pain occurred in the context of the immediate post-injection reaction described above, many did not. The temporal relationship of this chest pain to an injection was not always known. The pain was transient, often unassociated with other symptoms, and appeared to have no clinical sequelae. Some patients experienced more than 1 such episode, and episodes usually began at least 1 month after the initiation of treatment.
At injection sites, localised lipoatrophy and, rarely, injection site skin necrosis may occur. Lipoatrophy may occur at various times after treatment onset (sometimes after several months) and is thought to be permanent. There is no known therapy for lipoatrophy.
Because glatiramer acetate can modify immune response, it may interfere with immune functions. For example, treatment with glatiramer acetate may interfere with recognition of foreign antigens in a way that would undermine the body’s tumor surveillance and its defenses against infection. There is no evidence that glatiramer acetate does this, but there has not been a systematic evaluation of this risk.
The most common adverse reactions with glatiramer acetate injection 20mg/mL vs placebo were injection site reactions (ISRs), such as erythema (43% vs 10%); vasodilatation (20% vs 5%); rash (19% vs 11%); dyspnea (14% vs 4%); and chest pain (13% vs 6%). The most common adverse reactions with glatiramer acetate injection 40mg/mL vs placebo were ISRs, such as erythema (22% vs 2%).
ISRs were one of the most common adverse reactions leading to discontinuation of glatiramer acetate injection. ISRs, such as erythema, pain, pruritus, mass, edema, hypersensitivity, fibrosis, and atrophy, occurred at a higher rate with glatiramer acetate than placebo.