Pharmaceutical manufacturing in the modern era is facing unprecedented demands, including in-depth scrutiny of production methodology, and inefficiencies in current practices with respect to waste, energy usage and time management. Coupling this with increased complexity in the manufacture of newer products and the decline of blockbuster drugs, results in an…
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20 October 2016 | By Adeyinka Aina and Chris Edlin, Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Technology Centre
Swabbing is a technique commonly used during pharmaceutical cleaning protocols to ensure that the cleaning process meets both safety and regulatory requirements; this allows for the cleaning process to be subsequently verified and validated1-7.