COVID-19: a wakeup call?

References for ‘COVID-19: a wakeup call?’, in European Pharmaceutical Review Issue 2 2020.


  1. Tatem AJ, Rogers DJ, Hay SI. Global transport networks and infectious disease spread. Parisitol. 2006; 62:293-343.
  2. Taubenberger JK, Morens DM. 1918 influenza: the mother of all pandemics. Biomed. 2006;17: 69-79.
  3. Tatem A. Pandemics: a deadly business. Nature. 2012; 488:153.
  4. Woolhouse MEJ. Epidemiology: emerging diseases go global. Nature. 2008; 451(21): 898-899.
  5. COVID-19, MERS & SARS. Accessed on 31 March 2020.
  6. Situation update worldwide, as of 30 March 2020, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Accessed on 31 March 2020.
  7. IMF: COVID-19 may trigger global recession in 2020. Accessed on 31 March 2020.
  8. Liu C, Zhou Q, Li Y, Garner LV, et al. Research and development on therapeutic agents and vaccines for covid-19 and related human corona virus diseases. ACS Central Sci,, A-Q.
  9. Wang M, Cao R, Zhang L, et al. Remdesivir and chloroquine effectively inhibit the recently emerged corona virus (2019-nCoV) in vitro. Cell Res, 2020; 30, 269.
  10. Parkinson and Gauthier-Villers. Trump Claim That Malaria Drugs Treat Coronavirus Sparks Warnings, Shortages. Wall Street Journal. 23 March 2020. Accessed on 31 March 2020.
  11. Maxmen A. More than 80 clinical trials launch to test coronavirus treatments. Nature, 2020, 578, 7795, 347-348.
  12. Modjarrad K, Roberts CC, Mills KT, Castellano AE, et al. Safety and immunogenicity of an anti-Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus DNA vaccine: a phase 1, open-label, single-arm, dose-escalation trial. Lancet Infect Dis 2019; published online July 24.
  13. Flanagan C. First Results From Moderna Covid-19 Vaccine May Take Two More Months. Accessed on 31 March 2020.
  14. DRAFT landscape of COVID-19 candidate vaccines –20 March 2020. Accessed on 31 March 2020.
  15. Lurie N, Saville M, Hatchett R, Halton J. Developing covid-19 vaccines at pandemic speed. New Eng J Med, March 30, 2020. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp2005630
  16. Italian Researchers Identify New SARS-CoV-2 Gene Variants. Amer Pharm Rev, 27 March 2020. Accessed on 31 March 2020.