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University of Oxford - Articles and news items
Industry news / 13 April 2016 / Victoria White, Digital Content Producer
A study has shown that the ‘prime boost’ approach is compatible with co-administration of vectors encoding for HIV and HCV antigens…
Industry news / 30 June 2015 / Victoria White
Scientists behind the first global distribution maps of two species of dengue and chikungunya-carrying mosquitoes warn they are spreading to new areas…
The determination of structural changes of biopharmaceuticals during Freeze-Drying using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopyb
Peptides and proteins are powerful active therapeutic ingredients used in a wide variety of serious conditions and illnesses such as diabetes, arthritis or cancer. The application of these so-called biopharmaceuticals has been rapidly increasing since the middle of the 1990s, facilitated by improvements in modern recombinant DNA technology and biotechnological manufacturing. The worldwide sales of the biotech drug market grew from 43 billion US$ in 2003 to over 75 billion US$ in 2007 according to a recent IMS Health market analysis. The major challenge in the development of stable protein formulations and dosage forms is to ensure their process and shelf life stability.
The early 21st century has seen a revolution in RNA biology, bringing with it the prospect of a new class of medicines based on RNA. What are the prospects for developing these RNA-based medicines for the growing medical problem of neurodegenerative disease and what are the challenges to making these new medicines work successfully within the complex environment of the nervous system? Recent progress on RNA silencing of neurodegenerative disease targets and RNAi delivery to the nervous system is encouraging and suggests that clinical evaluation of these therapeutic agents is realistic within the next few years.
Issue 3 2007 / 23 May 2007 / Heiko A. Schiffter, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford
Over the last decade, the development of new drug delivery methods and devices for dry powder inhalation1, needle-free intradermal powder injection2 or sustained parenteral drug delivery3 has led to an increasing demand for powder formulations incorporating an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API)4,5.
The Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC) is an internationally funded collaboration with sites in three countries and a three-year goal of solving the 3-dimensional structures of more than 380 human proteins with particular medical relevance, and placing them in the public domain without restrictions. The structures should prove an invaluable resource for research into the proteins’ functions and their use as targets for therapeutic intervention; in this the SGC is a successor to the Human Genome Project (HGP). The SGC has benefited from adopting existing, commercialised robotics, and is subsequently working with vendors to adjust performance with its needs.
The expansion of microarray-based gene expression studies has led to an increase in demand for gene-specific PCR-based methods for independent validation of results. Although a number of technologies are available to meet this requirement the most popular is currently real-time PCR.
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