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Issue 2 2012

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At the crossroads: The next decade

26 April 2012 | By J. Paul Robinson, Purdue University Cytometry Laboratories & Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering, Purdue University; Bernd Bodenmiller, Group leader, Institute of Molecular Life Sciences, University of Zurich; Valery Patsekin and Bartek Rajwa, Purdue University Cytometry Laboratories, Purdue University; and V. J. Davisson, Medicinal Chemistry & Molecular Pharmacology, Purdue University

Flow cytometry is the technology that has the most impact on single-cell analysis. Over the past 40 years, it has arguably been the single most important research technique in the fields of basic and applied immunology. Flow cytometry excels in quantitative evaluation of receptor expression, separation of functionally defined cell…

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Implementing chemometrics in late stage development and manufacturing

26 April 2012 | By Geir Rune Flåten, former Chemometrician Leader in Global Manufacturing and Supply at GlaxoSmithKline

Chemometrics was defined as a research area in 1974 and developed rapidly through the following decades in parallel with the fast paced improvement in analytical technologies and computational power for lab instruments and sensors. Chemometrics is essentially the translation of measured signals characterising a sample or a process into meaningful…

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Building robust PCR/qPCR assays

26 April 2012 | By Linda Starr-Spires, Director, Nucleic Acid Methods Platform, Global Clinical Immunology Department, Sanofi Pasteur

The process of building robust PCR/qPCR assays is a matter of perseverance and consistency. A few questions that should be answered prior to starting development will help make the process more efficient and effective: Does the assay need to simply detect the presence of the target (qualitative), or must it…

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Applications of Raman, CARS and SRS imaging in dosage form development

26 April 2012 | By Clare Strachan, Senior Lecturer Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Otago

The use of Raman spectroscopy in pharmaceuticals has grown enormously since its appearance on the scene in the 1980s1-4. While typical Raman spectroscopy setups are able to provide chemical and physicochemical information about the sample on the bulk level, most solid samples in the pharmaceutical setting may not be assumed…

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Discovery chemistry outsourcing

26 April 2012 | By Luigi La Vecchia, Director of the Preparations Laboratories, Novartis Institute for Biomedical Research

In 2002, Novartis decided to create a new research centre in Cambridge, MA. This was accompanied by a significant increase in headcount in medicinal chemistry. Within two years, this resulted in a strongly increased demand for prep-scale synthesis which in turn led to priority issues and to prolonged turnaround times…

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Outsourcing in early drug discovery: Evolution and opportunities

26 April 2012 | By Jayshree Mistry, Paul Lloyd, Kevin Oliver and Peter North, GlaxoSmithKline R&D and Duncan Judd, Awridian

This article describes the evolution of outsourcing within early drug discovery at GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), specifically for chemistry services applied to developing a compound from the screening hit through lead optimisation. It will touch on different business models, factors to consider when selecting potential CROs, the benefits of outsourcing and CRO…

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GPCR screening and drug discovery: Challenges and latest trends

26 April 2012 | By Sofia M.A. Martins, João R.C. Trabuco, Gabriel A. Monteiro and Duarte Miguel Prazeres, Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Instituto Superior Técnico, Technical University of Lisbon

G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are one of the most popular drug targets today. Almost one third of the approved drugs currently available rely on some kind of interaction with these receptors. The annual revenues are around USD 30 billion (109) and the fact that one quarter of the top US…

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Rapid micro methods and EMA’s post approval change management protocol

26 April 2012 | By Michael J. Miller, President, Microbiology Consultants, LLC

This is the second paper in our continuing series on Rapid Microbiological Methods that will appear in European Pharmaceutical Review during 2012. In my last article, we discussed a number of myths or misconceptions associated with the validation and implementation of rapid microbiological methods (RMMs). In fact, most RMM myths…