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Issue 2 2015


Stem Cells In-Depth Focus 2015

20 April 2015 | By

In this free-to-view Stem Cells In-Depth Focus, you can find out how computational ('in silico') methods can help to rationally choose bioactive small molecules to improve stem cell differentiation. The differentiation of pluripotent stem cells to hepatocyte-like cells is the focus of a second interesting article...

LC-MS In-Depth Focus 2015

20 April 2015 | By

In this free-to-view LC-MS in-depth focus, we delve into the world of glycans, and how their natural complexity necessitates sophisticated sequencing techniques, while another article aims to demonstrate the versatility of LC-MS and the ease with which it can be combined with a variety of MS systems, focusing particularly on…

Precompetitive collaborations in the pharmaceutical industry

20 April 2015 | By Dave Elder, GlaxoSmithKline and JPAG

Increasing research and development costs, low productivity, reduced product life cycles, governmental pricing containment, convergence of technologies and increasing regulatory oversight are challenges that increasingly provoke pharmaceutical companies into making precompetitive collaborations with other organisations.

Outsourcing in the analytical and microbiology area

20 April 2015 | By Roger A. Stroud, R Stroud Pharmaceutical Quality Solutions Limited

Increasing numbers of pharmaceutical companies are considering outsourcing in the area of analytical and microbiological testing, from the very smallest start-up, virtual, or small company up to the largest multinational. This article will examine the factors that lead to a company deciding to outsource, and provides invaluable guidance on the…

Drug pricing reforms: the Danish experience

20 April 2015 | By Ulrich Kaiser, University of Zurich / Susan Mendez, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research / Thomas Rønde, Copenhagen Business School / Hannes Ullrich, DIW Berlin and University of Zurich

Reference price systems for prescription drugs have found widespread use as cost containment tools. Under such regulatory regimes, patients co-pay a fraction of the difference between pharmacy retail price of the drug and a reference price. Reference prices are either externally (based on drug prices in other countries) or internally…

Reducing microbial contamination via sterile risk assessment

20 April 2015 | By Guenther Gapp, Lachman Consulting Ltd/Independent Consultant

Several years ago, microbiologist Guenther Gapp created a new sterile risk assessment tool (based on a hazard operability analysis [HAZOP] approach) to identify and reduce the microbial contamination and compliance risk of aseptically-produced sterile products and production plants. The following article describes the operating principle of three risk analysis tools…

Real-time biological particle counting in environmental monitoring

20 April 2015 | By

The methods for monitoring air in cleanroom environments: viable counting techniques (settle plates and biological air samplers) and particle counters, are long established technologies and have been widely used in pharmaceutical manufacturing environments for decades. Although innovations have taken place with both particle counters and biological air samplers, primarily in…

Manufacturing Solutions: Continuous processing

20 April 2015 | By Ivo Backx, Manager, Business & Project Development for the Pharmaceutical Industry, Siemens

Ivo Backx of Siemens discusses continuous processing in the context of the company’s Simatic PCS 7 system and PAT software...

The scope of PAT in real-time advanced control of tablet quality

20 April 2015 | By Ravendra Singh, Marianthi Ierapetritou and Rohit Ramachandran: Rutgers University

Continuous pharmaceutical manufacturing together with process analytical technology (PAT) provides a suitable platform for automatic feed-forward/feed-back (FF/FB) control of the end product quality as desired by quality by design (QbD)-based efficient manufacturing. The precise control of the quality of the pharmaceutical product requires proactive, corrective actions on the process/raw material…

HPLC: On-chip liquid chromatographic separation

17 April 2015 | By

High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is a powerful separation technique due to its high accuracy, precision, versatility and robustness. In the development of pharmaceuticals, it is no doubt that LC is a key technology in the quality control of pharmaceuticals and pharmacokinetic studies and in the analysis of complex biological compounds…